Collective Commentary about the New Package Travel Directive
Article 31 Addressees This Directive is addressed to the Member States. Belén Ferrer, Ph.D. 1 João Vidal, Ph.D. 2 1. The concept of addressee; 2. The addressees of the Directive; 3. Exceptions regarding the addressees . 1. THE CONCEPT OF ADDRESSEE An addressee is a recipient of something. In this case, the recipients of the present Directive. 2. THE ADDRESSEES OF THE DIRECTIVE The recipients of the present Directive are the Member States. This statement is not necessary as the recipients of all directives are always the Member States. If the EU wants to rule different recipients, it should use a different legal instrument: the EU Regulation. The Member States at the time the Directive entered into force were: Austria; Belgium; Bulgaria; Croatia; Cyprus; Czech Republic; Denmark; Estonia; Finland; France; Germany; Greece; Hungary; Ireland; Italy; Latvia; Lithuania; Luxembourg; Malta; the Netherlands; Poland; Portugal; Romania; Slovakia; Slovenia; Spain; Sweden; the United Kingdom. 1 Professor at University of Balearic Islands, Spain. 2 Professor at University of the Algarve, Portugal.